The following was taken from the Small-Sided Games Resource Center of the US Youth Soccer website, www.usyouthsoccer.org
This page updated August 2005
SMALL SIDED GAMES
In August of 2003, US Youth Soccer's State Associations approved changes to the Policy on Players and Playing Rules that will affect the game for players under age 12. Current US Youth Soccer policies require that Under-10 teams and younger play games with not more than eight players per side. Effective September 1st, this rule will detail age group specific playing numbers.
Click here for more information.
Why Small-Sided Games? US Youth Soccer has thought long and hard about the answer to the question, "Why Small-Sided Games?" What does "Small-Sided Games" mean? These are soccer games with fewer players competing on a smaller sized field. These are fun games that involve the players more because fewer players are sharing one ball.
All ages can play "Small Sided Games", but it has a definite developmental impact on our younger soccer players. US Youth Soccer recommendations for "number of players" at the various age groups are as follows:
U6 | 3 against 3 no goal keepers
U8 | 4 against 4 no goal keeper
U10 | 6 against 6 with goal keepers
U12 | 8 against 8 with goal keepers
U13+ | 11 against 11 with goal keepers
Here are some of the reasons why we believe, as soccer coaches, administrators and parents must guarantee that our young soccer players play small-sided games:
1. Because we want our young soccer players to touch the soccer ball more often and become more skillful with it! (Individual technical development)
2. Because we want our young soccer players to make more, less-complicateddecisions during the game! (Tactical development)
3. Because we want our young soccer players to be more physically efficient in the field space they are playing in! (Reduced field size)
4. Because we want our young soccer players to have more individual teaching time with the coach! Less players on the field and less players on the team will guarantee this! (Need to feel worthy and need to feel important)
5. Because we want our young soccer players to have more, involved playing time in the game! (More opportunity to solve problems that only the game presents)
6. Because we want our young soccer players to have more opportunity to play onboth sides of the ball! (More exposure to attacking and defending situations)
7. Because we want our young soccer players to have more opportunities to scoregoals! (Pure excitement)
These are the reasons why we adults must foster "Small-Sided Games" in our youth soccer programs. The "Small-Sided" environment is a developmentally appropriateenvironment for our young soccer players. It's a FUN environment that focuses on theyoung soccer player.
Please click the age group-appropriate link below for USYS small sided games recommended rules and field of play information for each level of play. Please note the NCYSA exceptions IN RED that have been passed by each respective Council.
Please visit the US Youth Soccer "Small-Sided Games Resource Center" at http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/ (click on "Coaches" then look for the "Small-Sided Games Resource Center" link on the left-hand side) for more information regarding the implementation of small-sided games, as well as the Handbook and Manual.